Of all the things that come with your sushi order, wasabi & ginger just so happen to be two of the most important staples.

Sushi is widely known all over the world. I doubt there’s anyone who hasn’t heard of sushi. Wasabi and ginger,  accompanied by the wide variety of seafood with rice, constitute this dish we know as sushi.

Sadly, wasabi and ginger are two ingredients that many sushi eaters, including some sushi-lovers, do not know how to use. Whether we end up with extra wasabi or add the ginger straight onto the sushi, we all get a little confused on just how we are supposed to use these ingredients.

And as if that’s not enough trouble, there are also the chopsticks to consider. Some say eat with chopsticks, others say don’t, but what exactly is the right way? You’ll find out soon, but before then, let’s have a little introductory lesson on sushi.

Sushi 101 – A Prerequisite Class

The first thing to know about sushi is that it’s a Japanese dish, but of course you already know that (my 10 year old self didn’t, she thought it was Chinese). Sushi as we know it is different than in the past. It used to be fermented fish preserved in rice. During the Edo period of Japan, the dish evolved to what it now is.

A dish is generally considered to be “sushi” if it is made with vinegar sushi rice (shari). The dish also comes with raw fish or other raw seafood, except in very few cases where the fish might come cooked, as seen with eels.

You can get vegetarian sushi too. There are so many kinds of it around and all are really delicious choices.

Here’s a quick list of some basic kinds of sushi to get started if you’ve yet to try it:

  • Nigiri or nigirizushi: Also known as hand-pressed sushi, this is a sushi that has slices of raw fish placed over a mound of rice that’s shaped like an oval ball. This type of sushi is seasoned lightly with wasabi and soy sauce by the sushi chef (Itaeme).
    The oval shape is formed using the palms, hence the name—hand-pressed. The neta (topping) for nigiri is usually fish like tuna and salmon.
  • Maki or makizushi: This is commonly known as sushi roll or rolled sushi. This kind of sushi has its raw fish and veggies cut into strips, laid in the rice and then wrapped in seaweed (nori) into a cylindrical piece. Maki has sub-types, like the gunkan-maki and the uramaki.
  • Temaki: Like the maki, this is also usually wrapped with nori, however, it is made into a cone shape. Sometimes it’s considered a type of maki.
  • Narezushi: This type offers you a sneak-peek of how sushi was before the Edo period. The fish is fermented with the rice and salt and at the end of the fermentation, only the fish is eaten while the rice is left on the plate.
  • Other types include the chirashi-zushi, inari-zushi (a no fish version), oshizuchi, and so forth. It’s a long list, but these should get you started.


This dish has a wide variety of flavors and textures, and there are different types of sushi too.

Though there are different types, they all have one basic thing in common—the sushi rice, called Shari, which is vinegar rice. That means that if it looks like sushi but doesn’t have rice, then it ain’t sushi. It’s probably just another variation of the dish.

Is Sashimi a Type of Sushi or Another Dish Entirely?

Sashimi is made without rice and that’s pretty much enough to disqualify it. Yet, many people still consider sashimi a type of sushi. These terms have also been used interchangeably, but technically this is wrong since they’re two different dishes.

Sashimi is a piece of meat—seafood or otherwise—served as a drape. It comes with soy sauce, wasabi, and ginger, and it is traditionally eaten with chopsticks, as opposed to sushi which is traditionally eaten by hand. Shocker, right? Sushi was always meant to be eaten by hand and not with chopsticks!

Sometimes, sashimi is served alongside sushi orders in a restaurant, but that doesn’t make it sushi. Some basic differences exist between sushi and sashimi, and they are:

The rice: Sushi has rice, sashimi doesn’t. Of course, if you want rice, you could order some though. Sashimi is eaten with chopsticks while sushi is eaten with your hands, although many people now eat sushi with chopsticks.

The placement and purpose of wasabi: Wasabi is actually placed in between the rice and fish slice for sushi while for sashimi, it isn’t.

The wasabi is served on the side of the plate, and though it is commonly mixed into the soy sauce by some people, that’s not how the chef was hoping it would be used, or else he would have mixed the wasabi in soy sauce himself. Mixing it in ruins the taste and flavor of both the wasabi and the soy sauce.

To eat sashimi, add a little quantity of wasabi on one side of the slice of fish, dip the other side into the soy sauce, and eat it that way. The wasabi should not make contact with the soy sauce.

What To Eat With Sushi

Sushi can be served as either an appetizer or as the main course, though it is more frequently served as the main course. This Japanese dish can be eaten without anything else. On its own, it provides you with a wide array of flavors and can be quite filling.

But then, if you decide to not eat your sushi alone, there are some really delicious side dishes, condiments, and drinks that could go with sushi.

  1. Sushi with wasabi: This green, rooty condiment comes with your sushi order, and you’ll be reading more on this soon.
  2. Miso soup: Miso soup is a popular soup made from miso paste. The soup is not to be eaten alongside your sushi. It is originally meant to be consumed after you’re done with your sushi. But no one is going to punish you if you drink it all up before eating the sushi, or if you eat both at the same time.
    However, it feels good knowing you’re drinking this soup the right way to complement the tastes.
  3. Steak. Cut the steak into thin strips and enjoy the contrasting texture and flavor it gives.
  4. A light salad: The salad should contain only a few ingredients, and if there’s one ingredient that shouldn’t be present at all, it is lettuce. Try instead seaweed salad.
  5. Spring rolls.
  6. Edamame.
  7. Ginger and sushi: It’s always there in your sushi order, so you don’t have to order for it specifically.
  8. Drinks: Wines and Beers will work just fine but sake works best. The Japanese drink is a fine complement to the dish and you could even ask the sushi chef or itaeme to have a shot of sake with you as a way to show that you truly enjoyed the meal.
  9. Habachi chicken. Also known as teriyaki chicken, which should be skinless and cut into thin strips.
  10. Noodles.

If you know something else that can be eaten with sushi, then, by all means, add it to the list.

How to Eat Wasabi With Sushi

Wasabi, or Japanese horseradish, is made from a plant of same name, wasabi. It is a paste made from grating the rhizomes, or the stem. It is a spicy pungent, condiment for sushi and other foods.

This spicy condiment stimulates the nose more than the tongue, so don’t be surprised if your nose starts prickling even though you can’t feel any burning sensation from your tongue—that is sure to happen if you eat too much of this.

The paste is freshly prepared by most sushi chefs, especially those in the high-end restaurants, who prefer to ditch the wasabi that comes in a tube. The paste is somewhat volatile, and as such, will lose its flavor in less than 10 minutes if left uncovered. That’s a good reason why Itaeme serves well with wasabi between the shari (sushi rice) and the neta (slice of fish or seafood).

The proper way to eat sushi with wasabi is to not order extra wasabi, nor mix it in the soy sauce. Though common, the whole idea of ordering extra wasabi is very wrong. First, your sushi chef considers it slightly insulting. For each sushi, the chef has taken accurate care in adding just the right amount of wasabi that would go well with each fish so as not to overpower the fish’s subtle flavor.

So there’s really no need in having extra. Besides, this will give your chef a good reason to keep his best fish for the customer who won’t be having extra wasabi.


Because he knows that a customer who asks for extra won’t be able to tell the difference between the good fish and the best fish, due to the overpowering nature of the extra wasabi. Instead of enjoying the sushi, you end up enjoying a spicy condiment.

And just as with sashimi, do not mix the wasabi in the soy sauce. It ruins the taste. Considering the fact that the chef freshly prepared it, you owe it to him to use it rightly.

The purpose of the wasabi is not only to soften the smell of the fish. It has antimicrobial properties and helps to kill any bacteria that would have the potential to cause food poisoning. Wasabi is different from American horseradish, which can be modified or mixed with mustard and food coloring to serve as an inferior substitute for wasabi.

If you can’t handle the wasabi burning effect, don’t forego it. Instead, drink a cup of freshly squeezed lemon juice with a little vinegar an hour before you eat wasabi. Saltwater and vinegar can do the trick too!

That’s how to eat wasabi with sushi.

How to Eat Ginger With Sushi

The sushi ginger, also known as gari, is sweet, pickled, and sliced. It has antimicrobial and antifungal properties which are particularly useful since it’s accompanying a dish that has a raw ingredient.

The gari is always served with the sushi, and it is meant to be picked up with chopsticks, not with bare hands. The pickled ginger actually serves as a palate cleanser and aids the digestion process.

As a palate cleanser, it is not meant to be picked up by the chopsticks and dumped on the sushi. It is to be eaten on its own between sushi bites. That is, it refreshes your palate for the next sushi piece that goes into your mouth; that way, you get to enjoy the taste of every sushi without the previous bite overpowering the flavor of the next.

If eaten with the fish, as most people do it, its stronger flavor overpowers the very subtle flavor of the fish. Another good reason why your chef might wince from offering you the best fish.

Think of the ginger like a drink—you only sip from it after chewing. So it is with the ginger…it is eaten only after a piece of sushi has been completely devoured.

How to Eat Sushi the Right Way

There’s actually a right way to eat sushi:

  1. Pick out a nice and authentic sushi restaurant. That excludes any place that gives you the option of adding non-traditional ingredients like mayonnaise or spicy chili peppers.
  2. If you can, sit close to the chef and ask for his recommendation. You don’t have to order what he recommends, but it’s a good place to start. And if it’s your first time eating sushi, let him know.
  3. Do not ask for extra wasabi. Do not use chopsticks to eat the sushi except with sashimi and when you’re picking up the ginger.
  4. Use the wet towel provided to clean your hands, and eat the fish in order of flavor. The lighter-flavored fish should go first, and the stronger-flavored fish should be eaten last.
    The color of the fish can indicate the flavor—the darker the fish’s color, the stronger the flavor. White fish is the lightest in flavor, followed by silver, then red, and then salmon and fatty fish. The fattiest fish usually has the strongest flavor.
  5. To eat your sushi, pick it up with your hand and roll it over—that’s fish-side facing downward and rice-side facing upward. Then, dip into the soy sauce and enjoy the trifecta of flavors. Do not break a piece of sushi into two. Eat the piece in one bite.
  6. The rice should not touch the soy sauce, and you only need a little bit of soy sauce on the fish. Don’t drench the fish in soy sauce.
  7. If you ordered eel sushi (unagi), which would most likely come with its own sauce, then there’s no need for the soy sauce.
  8. Just in case you ordered extra wasabi, brush only a little bit on the fish. The chef has already added the exact amount of wasabi the fish can handle that will enhance its flavor and not overpower it.
  9. Drink your miso soup last!

Learning and mastering the art of making sushi can take years, and these sushi chefs have spent a good part of their life learning this art. So, the best you can do is to eat it the right way and really, the right way is also the most enjoyable way to eat sushi.

Of course, no one is going to scold you if you decide to make a sweet mess of mixing your wasabi in soy sauce or split your one piece of sushi into two. Just remember what you’ll be missing out on.

Enjoy your sushi with wasabi and ginger.


Peter's path through the culinary world has taken a number of unexpected turns. After starting out as a waiter at the age of 16, he was inspired to go to culinary school and learn the tricks of the trade. As he delved deeper, however, his career took a sudden turn when a family friend needed someone to help manage his business. Peter now scratches his culinary itch on the internet by blogging, sharing recipes, and socializing with food enthusiasts worldwide.

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